China Customs is a border agency supervising inbound and outbound activities and has a centralized organizational structure. Its key functions include customs control, revenue collection, fighting against smuggling and foreign trade statistics compilation. It also manages tasks including port management, management of bonded operations, audit-based customs control, customs enforcement of intellectual property rights and international customs cooperation.
The General Administration of Customs of the People’s Republic of China (GACC) is the headquarters of China Customs. It is a full-ministerial-level government agency that directly reports to the State Council of the People’s Republic of China and oversees all the regional customs across the country. It is composed of 18 departments and 8 direct subsidiaries with coordination function and manages 4 associations (i.e. Customs Institute of China, Customs Brokers Association of China, Port Society of China, and Association of Bonded Areas and Export Processing Zones of China), and has posted representative offices in the European Union, the Russian Federation, the United States of America and Hong Kong SAR. The CPC Central Commission for Discipline Inspection also has its posted office, the Discipline Inspection Office stationed in the General Administration of Customs.
China Customs has a total of 47 direct subsidiaries at the same level (i.e. Guangdong Sub-Administration of Customs that is in charge of the 7 Customs Districts located in Guangdong Province, 2 supervising offices that are located in Tianjin and Shanghai respectively, 42 Customs Districts and 2 Customs educational institutions), 742 local Customs houses and offices. It has a staff force of around 60,000 (including Customs anti-smuggling police). It adopts a customs ranking system for its staff.
China Customs’ general work requirements are “safeguarding the border, providing quality service, preventing potential risks and building a qualified workforce”. Its work guideline is “exercising law-based administration, safeguarding the border, serving the economic interests and promoting social development”. Its workforce building principle is to ensure customs officers are “politically committed, professionally qualified and fully accountable”. Customs spirit is “loyal, impartial, revitalizing Customs and rejuvenating China”, its core values are “patriotism, virtue, integrity, innovation and dedication”.
Mr. Yu Guangzhou is the incumbent Director of the Board and Minister of the General Administration of Customs of China.
General Administration of Customs of the People's Republic of China
Address: No.6. Jianguomennei Avenue, Dongcheng District, Beijing, China Postcode: 100730